Laterality is the functional predominance of one side of the human body over the other, determined by the cerebral hemisphere supremacy over the other.
Lateralization is the process by which laterality develops and is important for learning literacy and full maturity of language teaching p, d, b, q, requires mastery of laterality, if the child is aware of its side
can never be right or left handedness to the outside world, and the difference is difficult and identification of these letters. Consider also that reading and writing are processes that are met from left to right.
Mastering the side where the child will help a lot to be located in relation to other objects. Failure to do so could affect the learning difficulties of some areas. For example in the case of mathematics it is known that adding and subtracting various amounts starts from right to left and have not worked hard handedness will be placed against the paper.
Laterality is consolidated in the school stage. Between 2 and 5 years we see that the hands are used for combing, bathing in the bathroom, put a nail, hand out a card, say goodbye, cross your arms and hands, in both cases the dominant hand is on the other. At school age the child should have reached its lateralization and depending on your hand, foot, eye and ear.
TO IDENTIFY LATERALITY
For the handedness can ask the child to perform the following activities:
Winding a clock. Using scissors and writing. For the dominance of foot: hop on one foot, kick the ball.
Dominance of eye: looking at a hole, telescope. Dominance of hearing: listening to the ticking clock.
Consider whether all activities were conducted with members or organs of the right or left side, then we can know if a child is defined dominance. If alternating right to left, said to have "cross-dominance."
To develop laterality can ask the child to perform the following:
* Identify the right and left half his body in his partner and his image in a mirror.
* Handle with his right hand, the right half of your body, starting in the head, eyes, ears, neck and trunk.
* Wear a ribbon of color daily on the wrist of his right hand.
* Pointing at his partner, stand back, parts of left and right side, this same activity is performed with fellow post in front.
* Faced with a large mirror and divided into two equal parts with tape, pointing his right and left.
* Make eye movements from left to right.
* Exercises Unilateral right hand bumping his right foot.
* Exercises simultaneously: with his left hand bumping his right eye.
* Exercises with the left arm and right: top, side, right.
* Reading the signs of images: the child must identify the drawings of the lineup, always from left to right, the same activity can be done with colors.
Drawing Dictation: The teacher asked to draw geometric shapes, making sure that the child do it from left to right.
* Draw horizontal lines, vertical and directional changes.
* Draw pictures simultaneously: two sheets of paper using the child be circulated simultaneously in the two leaves and with both hands.
This series of exercises are guidelines for the teacher or parent place in the preschool period, but played much creativity to find other alternatives. You can also make use of toys and games designed to develop laterality very funny as the hands and feet.